Microsoft provides a variety of resources for learning about Microsoft Dynamics products. These are summarised in the table below.
Here is a glossary of terms that you may come across in Microsoft Dynamics CRM development.
Training and Adoption Kit for Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2013
Check out http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/dynamics/crm-customer-center/training-adoption-kit-for-microsoft-dynamics-crm-2013.aspx for materials that you can customize and use for your own training and reference.